PRISMA: Protein Interaction Screen on Peptide Matrix Reveals Interaction Footprints and Modifications- Dependent Interactome of Intrinsically Disordered C/EBPbeta.
- Proteomics of Cellular Signaling
CCAAT enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) is a pioneer transcription factor that specifies cell differentiation. C/EBPbeta is intrinsically unstructured, a molecular feature common to many proteins involved in signal processing and epigenetics. The structure of C/EBPbeta differs depending on alternative translation initiation and multiple post-translational modifications (PTM). Mutation of distinct PTM sites in C/EBPbeta alters protein interactions and cell differentiation, suggesting that a C/EBPbeta PTM indexing code determines epigenetic outcomes. Herein, we systematically explored the interactome of C/EBPbeta using an array technique based on spot-synthesized C/EBPbeta-derived linear tiling peptides with and without PTM, combined with mass spectrometric proteomic analysis of protein interactions. We identified interaction footprints of approximately 1,300 proteins in nuclear extracts, many with chromatin modifying, chromatin remodeling, and RNA processing functions. The results suggest that C/EBPbeta acts as a multi-tasking molecular switchboard, integrating signal-dependent modifications and structural plasticity to orchestrate interactions with numerous protein complexes directing cell fate and function.