Effectiveness of integrase strand transfer inhibitor-based regimens in HIV-infected treatment-naive individuals: results from a European multi-cohort study.
- HIV Clinical and Translational Research
BACKGROUND: INSTIs have become a pillar of first-line ART. Real-world data are needed to assess their effectiveness in routine care. OBJECTIVES: We analysed ART-naive patients who started INSTI-based regimens in 2012-19 whose data were collected by INTEGRATE, a European collaborative study including seven national cohorts. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier analyses assessed time to virological failure (VF), defined as one viral load (VL) >/=1000 copies/mL, two consecutive VLs >/=50 copies/mL, or one VL >/=50 copies/mL followed by treatment change after >/=24 weeks of follow-up, and time to INSTIs discontinuation (INSTI-DC) for any reason. Factors associated with VF and INSTI-DC were explored by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of 2976 regimens started, 1901 (63.9%) contained dolutegravir, 631 (21.2%) elvitegravir and 444 (14.9%) raltegravir. The 1 year estimated probabilities of VF and INSTI-DC were 5.6% (95% CI 4.5-6.7) and 16.2% (95% CI 14.9-17.6), respectively, and were higher for raltegravir versus both elvitegravir and dolutegravir. A baseline VL >/=100 000 copies/mL [adjusted HR (aHR) 2.17, 95% CI 1.55-3.04, P < 0.001] increased the risk of VF, while a pre-treatment CD4 count >/=200 cells/mm3 reduced the risk (aHR 0.52, 95% CI 0.37-0.74, P < 0.001). Predictors of INSTI-DC included use of raltegravir versus dolutegravir (aHR 3.03, 95% CI 2.34-3.92, P < 0.001), use of >3 drugs versus 3 drugs (aHR 2.73, 95% CI 1.55-4.79, P < 0.001) and starting ART following availability of dolutegravir (aHR 0.64, 95% CI 0.48-0.83, P = 0.001). Major INSTI mutations indicative of transmitted drug resistance occurred in 2/1114 (0.2%) individuals. CONCLUSIONS: This large multi-cohort study indicates high effectiveness of elvitegravir- or dolutegravir-based first-line ART in routine practice across Europe.